Impacts of COVID-19 on Transport Sector and Measures Agaisnt Public Health Threats: Policymaking Based on PASS Approach
Considering the various uncertainties about COVID-19 and its impacts (especially long-term impacts), the presentation showed the findings of a study carried out by the WCTRS COVID-19 Task Force. A world-wide questionnaire survey of experts in the field of transportation and other relevant fields is conducted between the end of April and late May 2020. The expert survey was designed to solicit views about impacts of COVID-19 on the transport sector, how countries of the world prepared for the occurrence of such public health threats, what kinds of measures were taken during the COVID-19 pandemic, how people’s lives and our society were expected to change, how to make an effective recovery after the pandemic, and how to address the afore-mentioned changes in the future. Regional differences of the experts’ observations and opinions were revealed. A structural equation model is estimated to assess how the subjectively observed modal shifts are associated with experts’ expected changes in lifestyle and society. Qualitative analyses are further conducted with respect to experts’ free answers. Based on the expert survey, a PASS approach (The four elements ‘P’, ‘A’, ‘S’, and ‘S’ correspond to four stages of pandemics) was proposed for policymaking against COVID-19 and future public health threats.