Eco-compensation in Chongqing Municipality: Experiences and Future Priorities
Ye Chengli, deputy director of the Economic Cooperation Division of the Chongqing Municipal Development and Reform Commission, briefly presented the relevant work on ecological compensation in Chongqing Municipality. Chongqing implemented the development strategy of establishing five functional areas to divide the city into urban function core area, urban function expansion area, city development area, northeast Chongqing ecological conservation development area, and southeast Chongqing ecological protection development area. The differences in conditions of these five functional areas require the development of different environmental protection policies to optimize the classification of financial transfer payments and fund investments. Chongqing’s ecological compensation practices aim to promote mountain ecological relocation for poverty alleviation; protect forests and arable lands; comprehensively rehabilitate rock desertification and mining areas; and conserve water and soil resources. The city is also exploring pilots on carbon emissions trading and environmental pollution control through third-party governance.