147 RFI Priority Wetland Sites

Series: Data Room: Regional Flyway Initiative

147 RFI Priority Wetland Sites

22 January 2024

Ten (10) developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) —Bangladesh, Cambodia, People’s Republic of China (PRC), Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam have been included in the detailed analytical work undertaken through the RFI. Except for Lao PDR,  these DMCs are members of the East Asian-Australasian Flyway Partnership (EAAFP) that have been selected to create a comprehensive and coherent network of biodiversity rich wetlands across the EAA Flyway. Additional countries may be added later.

The RFI focuses on optimizing conservation gains, ensuring that investments in site-based interventions create maximum impact on maintaining the populations of migratory water birds that use the flyway. Of the 147 RFI priority wetlands identified, ninety-one (91) sites are located at or near the coast and 56 are inland (mostly freshwater).

Presented on this page are the results of the analysis, which shows a breakdown of the priority wetland sites in the 10 participating DMCs, whether sites are coastal or inland, and the site identification and selection methodology used during Phase 1 of the RFI.

Feedback on this first phase of work is warmly welcomed.

The table below shows the summary of results from Phase 1 of RFI’s site selection process.

Country Number of Priority Sites (Total) Number of Coastal Number of Inland
Bangladesh 8 5 3
Cambodia 9 1 8
Indonesia 17 16 1
Lao People's Democratic Republic 3 0 3
Malaysia 6 6 0
Mongolia 11 0 11
People's Republic of China 60 37 23
Philippines 12 9 3
Thailand 12 9 3
Vietnam 9 8 1
TOTAL 147 91 56

 

Below are the detailed results from the site selection process (Phase 1). Data for each DMC is summarized, and the accompanying matrices show details including score, coordinates, and the names of important EAAF species.
 

  • Number of sites assessed: 8+
  • Number of Priority Sites identified: 8
  • Number of priority coastal sites: 5
  • Number of priority freshwater sites: 3
  • Number of sites overlapping with protected area(s): 8
  • Species occurring in large congregations (≥1%): 17 species including Spoon-billed Sandpiper (CR), Indian Skimmer (EN), Masked Finfoot (CR), several anatid sp. (e.g., Ferruginous Duck, Common Shelduck
  • Sources of count and site data: Asian Waterbird Census, project reports, peer-reviewed papers

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

001

Eastern Sundarbans, Khulna  

(22.00 N, 89.70 E)

Score 42.0

  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Masked Finfoot
    Heliopais personatus (CR)*
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus1

002

Eastern Meghna Delta, Chittagong

(22.47 N, 91.27 E)

Score: 30.3

  • Indian Skimmer
    Rynchops albicollis (EN)*
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus

003

Hatia Island (including Nijhum Dwip National Park), Chittagong

(22.08 N, 91.07 E)

Score: 16.9

  • Indian Skimmer
    Rynchops albicollis (EN)*
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Black-headed Ibis
    Threskiornis melanocephalus

004

Tanguar Haor and Panabeel, Sylhet

(25.13 N, 91.03 E)

Score: 16.2

  • Ferruginous Duck
    Aythya nyroca
  • Garganey
    Spatula querquedula
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Gadwall
    Mareca strepera
  • Common Teal
    Anas crecca

005

Hakaluki Haor, Sylhet

(24.65 N, 92.08 E)

Score: 7.6

  • Fulvous Whistling-duck
    Dendrocygna bicolor
  • Ferruginous Duck
    Aythya nyroca
  • Black-headed Ibis
    Threskiornis melanocephalus
  • Asian Openbill
    Anastomus oscitans

006

Sonadia Island, Chittagong

(21.50 N, 91.88 E)

Score: 4.9

  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)

007

Central Meghna Delta, Barisal

(21.93 N, 90.62 E)

Score: 3.5

  • Black-headed Ibis
    Threskiornis melanocephalus
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna

008

Hail Haor (including Bakka Beel), Sylhet

(24.37 N, 91.68 E)

Score: 1.1

  • Pacific Golden Plover
    Pluvialis fulva

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
Nearly meeting 1% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

  • Number of sites assessed: 12
  • Number of priority sites identified: 9
  • Number of priority coastal sites: 1 (Koh Kapik/Peam Krasop)
  • Number of priority freshwater sites: 8
  • Number of priority sites overlapping with protected area(s): 7
  • Species occurring in large congregations (≥1%): 11 species, including Spot-billed Pelican, Sarus Crane (VU), Greater Adjutant (EN), Masked Finfoot (CR), Asian Openbill, Painted Stork, Black-headed Ibis, Spotted Greenshank (EN)
  • Source of count and site data: Asian Waterbird Census, project reports from Wildlife Conservation Society and BirdLife International, peer-reviewed papers

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

009

Prek Toal (part of Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve), Battambang

(13.12 N, 103.65 E)

Score: 250.7

  • Spot-billed Pelican
    Pelecanus philippensis**
  • Painted Stork
    Mycteria leucocephala**
  • Greater Adjutant
    Leptoptilos dubius (EN)**
  • Asian Openbill
    Anastomus oscitans
  • Masked Finfoot
    Heliopais personatus (CR) (estimates only)

     

     

010

Ang Tropeang Thmor (Sarus Crane Reserve), Siem Reap

(13.82 N, 103.31 E)

Score: 33.3

  • Sarus Crane
    Antigone antigone sharpii (VU)*
  • Garganey
    Spatula querquedula
  • Spot-billed Pelican
    Pelecanus philippensis
  • Painted Stork
    Mycteria leucocephala
  • Black-headed Ibis
    Threskiornis melanocephalus

011

Boeung Prek Lapouv (Sarus Crane Reserve), Takeo

(10.72 N, 105.03 E)

Score: 30.4

  • Sarus Crane
    Antigone antigone sharpii (VU)*
  • Painted Stork
    Mycteria leucocephala

012

Anlung Pring (Sarus Crane Reserve), Kampot

(10.48 N, 104.53 E)

Score: 21.3

  • Sarus Crane
    Antigone antigone sharpii (VU)*
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa

013

Boeng Chhmar Ramsar Site, Kampong Thom

(12.83 N, 104.29 E)

Score: 19.4

  • Painted Stork
    Mycteria leucocephala*
  • Greater Adjutant
    Leptoptilos dubius (EN)
  • Spot-billed Pelican
    Pelecanus philippensis

014

Chi Kreng, Siem Reap

(13.01 N, 104.42 E)

Score: 5.4

  • Painted Stork
    Mycteria leucocephala
  • Sarus Crane
    Antigone antigone sharpii (VU)

015

Kulen Promtep Wildlife Sanctuary (Memey River), Preah Vihear

(14.02 N, 104.52 E)

Score: 4.7

  • Masked Finfoot
    Heliopais personatus (CR)

016

Koh Kapik (Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary), Koh Kong

(11.54 N, 102.97 E)

Score: 3.2

  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)

017

Stoung, Kampong Thom

(12.99 N, 104.47 E)

Score: 1.0

  • Sarus Crane
    Antigone antigone sharpii (VU)

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
**Exceeding 50% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

  • Number of sites assessed: 24
  • Number of priority sites identified: 17
  • Number of priority coastal sites: 16
  • Number of priority freshwater sites: 1 (Mahakam Lakes)
  • Number of sites overlapping with protected area(s): 8
  • Species occurring in large congregations (≥1%): 19 species including Spotted Greenshank (EN), Asian Dowitcher, Red Knot, Far Eastern Curlew (EN), Bar & Black-tailed Godwit & Australian Pratincole
  • Source of count and site data: Asian Waterbird Census, project reports from EAAFP and Manfred Stiftung/Eksai foundations, peer-reviewed papers

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

018

Batu Bara coast, N Sumatra

(3.38 N, 99.43 E)

Score: 44.9

  • Asian Dowitcher
    Limnodromus semipalmatus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Common Redshank
    Tringa totanus
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Pacific Golden Plover
    Pluvialis fulva
  • Ruddy Turnstone
    Arenaria interpres1

019

Banyuasin Peninsula and Berbak-Sembilang National Park, S Sumatra

(-1.89 N, 104.61 E)

Score: 27.1

  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Asian Dowitcher
    Limnodromus semipalmatus
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)1

020

Deli-Serdang, N Sumatra 

(3.73 N, 98.79 E)

Score: 17.4

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Ruff
    Calidris pugnax
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Ruddy Turnstone
    Arenaria interpres
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus

021

Wasur National Park, S Papua

(-8.60 N, 140.80 E)

Score: 10.4

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus*

022

Middle Mahakam Lakes, E Kalimantan

(-0.36 N, 116.20 E)

Score: 7.7

  • Wood Sandpiper
    Tringa glareola

023

Sungai Progo Delta - Trisik Beach, Yogyakarta

(-7.98 N, 110.20 E)

Score: 7.4

  • Sanderling
    Calidris alba
  • Wood Sandpiper
    Tringa glareola

024

Cemara Beach, Jambi

(-1.42 N, 104.46 E)

Score: 7.1

  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Asian Dowitcher
    Limnodromus semipalmatus1

025

East Aceh coast, Aceh

(4.68 N, 97.96 E)

Score: 5.3

  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus

026

North Aceh coast, Aceh

(5.22 N, 97.45 E)

Score: 4.7

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus

027

Kupang Bay, E Nusa Tenggara

(-10.05 N, 123.78 E)

Score: 3.5

  • Australian Pratincole
    Stiltia isabella

028

Sekopong Bay, Way Kambas National Park, Lampung

(-4.90 N, 105.88 E)

Score: 2.2

  • Asian Dowitcher
    Limnodromus semipalmatus

029

Benoa Bay – Serangan Island, Bali

(-8.74 N, 115.22 E)

Score: 2.1

  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus

030

Gresik and Surabaya coast (incl. Ujung Pangkah), E Java

(-6.92 N, 112.62 E)

Score: 1.9

  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus

031

Asahan coast, N Sumatra

(3.03N, 99.87 E)

Score: 1.4

  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus

032

North Labuhan Batu coast, N Sumatra

(2.77 N, 99.99 E)

Score: 1.4

  • Common Redshank
    Tringa totanus

033

Labuhan Batu coast, N Sumatra

(2.70 N, 100.16 E)

Score: 1.4

  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus

034

North Seram coast (partly in Manusela National Park), Maluku

(-2.95 N, 129.12 E)

Score: 1.0

  • Chinese Crested Tern
    Thalasseus bernsteini (CR)

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
1Nearly meeting 1% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

  • Number of sites assessed: 5
  • Number of priority sites identified: 3
  • Number of priority coastal sites: 0
  • Number of priority freshwater sites: 3
  • Number of priority sites overlapping with protected area(s): 2
  • Species occurring in large congregations (≥1%): Masked Finfoot (CR), Asian Openbill, Little Ringed Plover
  • Source of count and site data: IUCN and Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) reports, BirdLife/WCS survey datasets

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

035

Xe Pian NBCA (including Bueng Kiat Ngong wetlands), Champasak

(14.56 N, 106.06 E)

Score: 4.5

  • Masked Finfoot
    Heliopais personatus (CR)
  • Asian Openbill
    Anastomus oscitans

036

Mekong River from Luang Prabang to Vientiane, Vientiane-Xayabury

(18.32 N, 101.52 E)

Score: 2.2

  • Little Ringed Plover
    Charadrius dubius

037

Dong Kanthung Protected Forest (proposed NBCA), Champasak

(14.40 N, 105.43 E)

Score: 2.0

  • Masked Finfoot
    Heliopais personatus (CR)

Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

  • Number of sites assessed: 9
  • Number of priority sites identified: 6
  • Number of priority coastal sites: 6
  • Number of priority freshwater sites: 0
  • Number of sites overlapping with protected area(s): 2
  • Species occurring in large congregations (≥1%): 11 species including Spotted Greenshank (EN), Asian Dowitcher, Far Eastern Curlew (EN), Great Knot (EN), Lesser Sandplover, Broad-billed Sandpiper, Chinese Egret (VU)
  • Source of count and site data: Asian Waterbird Census, peer-reviewed papers

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

038

North-Central Selangor Coast, Selangor

(3.24 N, 101.30 E)

14.1

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Common Redshank
    Tringa totanus
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Painted Stork
    Mycteria leucocephala

039

Sadong-Saribas Coast, Sarawak

(1.68 N, 111.05 E)

13.2

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Chinese Egret
    Egretta eulophotes (VU)
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus

040

Buntal Bay, Sarawak

(1.69 N, 110.39 E)

9.2

  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Gull-billed Tern
    Gelochelidon nilotica1

041

Teluk Air Tawar-Kuala Muda IBA, Pulau Pinang

(5.53 N, 100.37 E)

8.4

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus

042

Mersing-Endau Coast, Johor

(2.64 N, 103.71 E)

2.2

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus

043

Pulau Bruit, Sarawak

(2.58 N, 111.29 E)

1.8

  • Chinese Egret
    Egretta eulophotes (VU)

Nearly meeting 1% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

  • Number of sites assessed: 48
  • Number of priority sites identified: 11
  • Number of priority coastal sites: 0
  • Number of priority freshwater sites: 11
  • Number of sites overlapping with protected area(s): 10
  • Species occurring in large congregations (≥1%): 48 species including Dalmatian Pelican, White-naped Crane (VU), Hooded Crane (VU), Swan Goose (VU), Common Pochard (VU) – mostly at breeding locales
  • Source of count and site data: Peer-reviewed papers, IBA datasheets and Mongolian Red Data Book (birds), expert reviews

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

044

Khar-Us Lake (including Khovd River Tributary and Khar Lake), Uvs Aimag

(47.75 N, 92.17 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 1)A

 

  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus**
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Greylag Goose
    Anser anser
  • Bar-headed Goose
    Anser indicus
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Common Goldeneye
    Bucephala clangul
  • Common Merganser
    Mergus merganser
  • Common Crane
    Grus grus
  • Northern Lapwing
    Vanellus vanellus
  • Caspian Tern
    Hydroprogne caspia
  • Great Egret
    Egretta alba
  • Whooper Swan
    Cygnus cygnus
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Mallard
    Anas platyrhynchos
  • Green-winged Teal
    Anas crecca
  • Gadwall
    Anas strepera
  • Eurasian Wigeon
    Anas penelope
  • Northern Pintail
    Anas acuta
  • Northern Shoveler
    Anas clypeata
  • Red-crested Pochard
    Netta rufina
  • Common Pochard
    Aythya ferina (VU)
  • Tufted Duck
    Aythya fuligula
  • Temminck’s Stint
    Calidris temminckii
  • Great Black-headed Gull
    Larus ichthyaetus
  • White Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia
  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)

045

Khurkh Khuiten, Khentii Aimag

(48.32 N, 110.37 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 2)A

 

  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea**
  • White-naped Crane
    Antigone vipio (VU)
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Black Stork
    Ciconia nigra
  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis
  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)
  • Whooper Swan
    Cygnus cygnus
  • Common Crane
    Grus grus
  • Demoiselle Crane
    Anthropoides virgo
  • Northern Lapwing
    Vanellus vanellus

046

Mongol Daguur IBA including Ulz River and Khukh Lake (include SPA), Dornod Aimag

(49.72 N, 115.25 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 3)A

 

  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Hooded Crane
    Grus monacha*
  • Common Pochard
    Aythya ferina (VU)
  • Whooper Swan
    Cygnus cygnus
  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Pacific Golden Plover
    Pluvialis fulva
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis
  • Common Crane
    Grus grus
  • White-naped Crane
    Antigone vipio (VU)
  • Demoiselle Crane
    Anthropoides virgo

047

Uvs Lake, Uvs Aimag

(50.2 N, 92.28 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 4)A

 

  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Greylag Goose
    Anser anser
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea

048

Tolbo Lake, Bayan-Olgii Aimag

(48.53 N, 90.1 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 5)A

 

  • Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Bar-headed Goose
    Anser indicus
  • Whooper Swan
    Cygnus cygnus

049

Airag Lake, Uvs Aimag

(48.9 N, 93.43 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 6)A

 

  • Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Pallas's Gull
    Larus ichthyaetus
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangul
  • Common Merganser
    Mergus merganser
  • Northern Lapwing
    Vanellus vanellus

050

Tashgain Tavan Lakes, Dornod Aimag

(47.37 N, 118.45 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 7)A

 

  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Gadwall
    Anas strepera
  • Common Pochard
    Aythya ferina (VU)
  • White-naped Crane
    Antigone vipio (VU)
  • Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo

051

Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake, Arkhangai Aimag

(48.17 N, 99.75 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 8)A

 

  • Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Bar-headed Goose
    Anser indicus
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangul
  • Common Merganser
    Mergus merganser
  • Northern Lapwing
    Vanellus vanellus

052

Ogii Lake, Arkhangai Aimag

(47.77 N, 102.7 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 9)A

 

  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Bar-headed Goose
    Anser indicus
  • Whooper Swan
    Cygnus cygnus
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangul
  • Common Crane
    Grus grus
  • Northern Lapwing
    Vanellus vanellus
  • Mute Swan
    Cygnus olor

053

Buir Lake, Dornod Aimag (transboundary to Hulun Lake, PR China)

(47.77 N, 117.8 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 10)A

 

  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Grey Heron
    Ardea cinerea
  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)

054

Valley of lakes (including Boon Tsagaan, Orog Lake and Taatsiin Tsagaan, Bayan-Khongor Aimag

(45.3 N, 100.12 E)

Score: N.a. (Rank: 11)A

 

  • Mute Swan
    Cygnus olor*
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Hooded Crane
    Grus monacha

ARelatively little recent waterbird count data was available for most sites in Mongolia, and the Priority Sites were selected based on the available data and advice from national experts.
*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
**Exceeding 50% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Coastal Wetlands

  • Number of sites assessed: 66
  • Number of priority sites identified: 37
  • Number of priority coastal sites: 37
  • Number of sites overlapping with protected area(s): 29
  • Species occurring in very large congregations (≥10%): 32 species including Spoon-billed sandpiper (CR), Far Eastern Curlew (EN), Spotted Greenshank (EN), Great Knot (EN)
  • Source of count and site data: China Coastal Waterbird Census, Yellow-Sea Bohai Coordinated Waterbird Surveys by Wetlands International, Annual Black-faced Spoonbill Census, EAAFP Site Information Sheets, BirdLife Datazone, The Paulson Institute’s Blueprint of Coastal Wetland Conservation and Management Strategies in China project reports, peer-reviewed papers

Liaoning Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

055

Yalu Jiang estuary

(39.83 N, 124.10 E)

Score: 308.66

  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)
  • Greater White-fronted Goose
    Anser albifrons
  • Goosander
    Mergus merganser
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Mandarin Duck
    Aix galericulata
  • Tufted Duck
    Aythya fuligula
  • Hooded Crane
    Grus monacha (VU)*
  • Chinese Egret
    Egretta eulophotes (VU)
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus*
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus*
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)*
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica**
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Ruddy Turnstone
    Arenaria interpres
  • Great Knot (EN)
    Calidris tenuirostris*
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
    Calidris acuminata (VU)
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea*
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Common Greenshank
    Tringa nebularia
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)
  • Relict Gull
    Larus relictus (VU)*
  • Mew Gull
    Larus canus

056

Liaohe Estuary National Nature Reserve and Inner Gulf of Liaodong

(40.90 N, 121.78 E)

Score: 272.71

  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Siberian Crane
    Leucogeranus leucogeranus (CR)
  • Red-crowned Crane
    Grus japonensis (VU)**
  • Hooded Crane
    Grus monacha (VU)*
  • Oriental Stork
    Ciconia boyciana (EN)
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus*
  • Black-winged Stilt
    Himantopus himantopus
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus*
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus*
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew (EN)
    Numenius madagascariensis
  • Ruddy Turnstone
    Arenaria interpres
  • Great Knot (EN)
    Calidris tenuirostris*
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus*
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
    Calidris acuminata (VU)
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus*
  • Common Greenshank
    Tringa nebularia
  • Common Redshank
    Tringa totanus
  • Marsh Sandpiper
    Tringa stagnatilis
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)*
  • Relict Gull
    Larus relictus (VU)
  • Mew Gull
    Larus canus
  • Little Tern
    Sternula albifrons

057

Zhuanghe coast

(39.67 N, 123.03 E)

Score: 30.44

  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Chinese Egret
    Egretta eulophotes (VU)
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Little Curlew
    Numenius minutus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Relict Gull
    Larus relictus (VU)
  • Black-tailed Gull
    Larus crassirostris
  • Mew Gull
    Larus canus

058

Pulandian-Jinzhou east coast, including Changshan Islands

(39.37 N, 122.30 E)

Score: 27.0

  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Great Knot (EN)
    Calidris tenuirostris
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina

059

Jinzhou Bay, Dalian

(39.17 N, 121.60 E)

Score: 19.80

  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
**Exceeding 50% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Hebei Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

060

Luannan-Zuidong coast

(39.10 N, 118.20 E)

Score: 199.05

  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta*
  • Black-winged Stilt
    Himantopus himantopus
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa*
  • Great Knot (EN)
    Calidris tenuirostris
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus**
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
    Calidris acuminata (VU)
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis
  • Sanderling
    Calidris alba*
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Asian Dowitcher
    Limnodromus semipalmatus
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Marsh Sandpiper
    Tringa stagnatilis
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Relict Gull
    Larus relictus (VU)
  • White-winged Tern
    Chlidonias leucopterus

061

Huanghua-Cangzhou coast

(38.43 N, 117.67 E)

Score: 84.61

  • Greylag Goose
    Anser anser
  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis
  • Smew
    Mergellus albellus
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Baer's Pochard
    Aythya baeri (CR)
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • White-naped Crane
    Antigone vipio (VU)
  • Common Crane
    Grus grus
  • Oriental Stork
    Ciconia boyciana (EN)
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Black-winged Stilt
    Himantopus himantopus
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Little Ringed Plover
    Charadrius dubius
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
    Calidris acuminata (VU)
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Marsh Sandpiper
    Tringa stagnatilis
  • Relict Gull
    Larus relictus (VU)
  • Mew Gull
    Larus canus

062

Laoting-Caofeidian coast

(39.02 N, 118.73 E)

Score: 17.08

  • Smew
    Mergellus albellus
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Marsh Sandpiper
    Tringa stagnatilis

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
**Exceeding 50% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Tianjin Municipality

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

063

Tianjin coastal mudflats

(38.92 N, 117.75 E)

Score: 174.14

  • Whooper Swan
    Cygnus cygnus
  • Tundra Swan
    Cygnus columbianus*
  • Greylag Goose
    Anser anser*
  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis
  • Smew
    Mergellus albellus
  • Goosander
    Mergus merganser
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Common Pochard
    Aythya ferina (VU)
  • Northern Shoveler
    Spatula clypeata
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Oriental Stork
    Ciconia boyciana (EN)
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta*
  • Black-winged Stilt
    Himantopus himantopus
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Little Ringed Plover
    Charadrius dubius
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Great Knot
    Calidris tenuirostris (EN)
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Asian Dowitcher
    Limnodromus semipalmatus
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Common Greenshank
    Tringa nebularia
  • Marsh Sandpiper
    Tringa stagnatilis
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)
  • Relict Gull
    Larus relictus (VU)**
  • Little Tern
    Sternula albifrons
  • Caspian Tern
    Hydroprogne caspia

064

Beidagang Wetland Nature Reserve

(38.75 N, 117.38 E)

Score: 81.19

  • Tundra Swan
    Cygnus columbianus
  • Greylag Goose
    Anser anser
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Baer's Pochard
    Aythya baeri (CR)
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Gadwall
    Mareca strepera
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus*
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Black-winged Stilt
    Himantopus himantopus
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Little Ringed Plover
    Charadrius dubius
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
     

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
**Exceeding 50% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Shandong Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

065

Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve

(37.97 N, 118.97 E)

Score: 595.48

  • Mute Swan
    Cygnus olor
  • Whooper Swan
    Cygnus cygnus
  • Tundra Swan
    Cygnus columbianus
  • Greylag Goose
    Anser anser
  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)
  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis
  • Smew
    Mergellus albellus
  • Goosander
    Mergus merganser
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Mandarin Duck
    Aix galericulata
  • Common Pochard
    Aythya ferina (VU)
  • Baer's Pochard
    Aythya baeri (CR)
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Gadwall
    Mareca strepera
  • Chinese Spot-billed Duck
    Anas zonorhyncha
  • Northern Pintail
    Anas acuta
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Siberian Crane
    Leucogeranus leucogeranus (CR)*
  • White-naped Crane
    Antigone vipio (VU)*
  • Red-crowned Crane
    Grus japonensis (VU)*
  • Common Crane
    Grus grus**
  • Hooded Crane
    Grus monacha (VU)*
  • Black Stork
    Ciconia nigra
  • Oriental Stork
    Ciconia boyciana (EN)
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus**
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Black-winged Stilt
    Himantopus himantopus
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Little Ringed Plover
    Charadrius dubius
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Little Curlew
    Numenius minutus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)*
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa*
  • Great Knot
    Calidris tenuirostris (EN)
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
    Calidris acuminata (VU)
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Common Greenshank
    Tringa nebularia
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)*
  • Relict Gull
    Larus relictus (VU)*
  • Common Gull-billed Tern
    Gelochelidon nilotica
  • Caspian Tern
    Hydroprogne caspia
  • Common Tern
    Sterna hirundo

066

Qingdao coast and Jiaozhou Bay

(36.18 N, 120.20 E)

Score: 78.15

  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)
  • Caspian Tern
    Hydroprogne caspia
  • Chinese Crested Tern
    Thalasseus bernsteini (CR)*

067

Laizhou Bay

(37.10 N, 119.40 E)

Score: 24.16

  • Mute Swan
    Cygnus olor
  • Smew
    Mergellus albellus
  • Goosander
    Mergus merganser
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Northern Pintail
    Anas acuta
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata

068

Wudi-Zhanhua-Hekou coast (38.13 N, 118.20 E)

Score: 15.63

  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Common Greenshank
    Tringa nebularia
  • Relict Gull
    Larus relictus (VU)

069

Rongcheng Swan Nature Reserve

(37.25 N, 122.57 E)

Score: 11.85

  • Whooper Swan
    Cygnus cygnus*

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
**Exceeding 50% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Jiangsu Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

070

Lianyungang coast

(34.62 N, 119.52 E)

Score: 344.15

  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Red-crowned Crane
    Grus japonensis (VU)*
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus**
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus*
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta*
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola*
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus*
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa*
  • Great Knot
    Calidris tenuirostris (EN)
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus*
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
    Calidris acuminata (VU)*
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea
  • Long-toed Stint
    Calidris subminuta
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Asian Dowitcher
    Limnodromus semipalmatus**
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Marsh Sandpiper
    Tringa stagnatilis
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)*
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)
  • Black-headed Gull
    Larus ridibundus
  • Relict Gull
    Larus relictus (VU)
  • Caspian Tern
    Hydroprogne caspia

071

Tiaozini (Dongtai coast)

(32.75 N, 120.97 E)

Score: 318.33

  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus**
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo*
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus*
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus*
  • Greater Sandplover
    Charadrius leschenaultii
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Great Knot
    Calidris tenuirostris (EN)
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
    Calidris acuminata (VU)
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)*
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis
  • Sanderling
    Calidris alba
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)**
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)
  • Common Tern
    Sterna hirundo

072

Yancheng National Nature Reserve

(33.72 N, 120.52 E)

Score: 195.70

  • Goosander
    Mergus merganser
  • Red-crowned Crane
    Grus japonensis (VU)**
  • Common Crane
    Grus grus
  • Hooded Crane
    Grus monacha (VU)
  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Black-crowned Night-heron
    Nycticorax nycticorax
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus*
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Black-winged Stilt
    Himantopus himantopus
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola*
  • Pacific Golden Plover
    Pluvialis fulva
  • Little Ringed Plover
    Charadrius dubius
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Ruddy Turnstone
    Arenaria interpres
  • Great Knot
    Calidris tenuirostris (EN)
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis
  • Sanderling
    Calidris alba
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Common Redshank
    Tringa totanus
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)*
  • Common Tern
    Sterna hirundo*

073

Ganyu coast

(34.97 N, 119.20 E)

Score: 194.23

  • Red-crowned Crane
    Grus japonensis (VU)
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus*
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Great Knot
    Calidris tenuirostris (EN)
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus*
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
    Calidris acuminata (VU)*
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Asian Dowitcher
    Limnodromus semipalmatus**
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)

074

Dongling coast

(32.15 N, 121.45 E)

Score: 126.56

  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus*
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus*
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Great Knot
    Calidris tenuirostris (EN)
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis
  • Sanderling
    Calidris alba
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)
  • Little Tern
    Sternula albifrons

075

Rudong coast

(32.52 N, 121.17 E)

Score: 84.02

  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola*
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus*
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Greater Sandplover
    Charadrius leschenaultii
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Great Knot
    Calidris tenuirostris (EN)
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Long-toed Stint
    Calidris subminuta
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis
  • Sanderling
    Calidris alba
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)*
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)
  • Common Tern
    Sterna hirundo

076

Dongsha shoals

(33.00 N, 121.23E)

Score: 41.72

  • Goosander
    Mergus merganser
  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Eurasian Oystercatcher
    Haematopus ostralegus
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus*
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Asian Dowitcher
    Limnodromus semipalmatus
  • Wood Sandpiper
    Tringa glareola

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
**Exceeding 50% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Shanghai Municipality

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

077

Chongming Dongtan National Nature Reserve

(31.48 N, 122.00 E)

Score: 43.36

  • Baikal Teal
    Sibirionetta formosa
  • Hooded Crane
    Grus monacha (VU)*
  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Black-winged Stilt
    Himantopus himantopus
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Marsh Sandpiper
    Tringa stagnatilis

078

Nanhui coast (including Nanhui Wetlands Park)

(30.93 N, 121.97 E)

Score: 15.72

  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Long-toed Stint
    Calidris subminuta
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Zhejiang Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

079

Wenzhou Bay

(27.92 N, 120.88 E)

Score: 94.14

  • Common Shelduck
    Tadorna tadorna
  • Common Pochard
    Aythya ferina (VU)
  • Tufted Duck
    Aythya fuligula
  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus*
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Far Eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis (EN)
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Red Knot
    Calidris canutus
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
    Calidris acuminata (VU)
  • Long-toed Stint
    Calidris subminuta
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)

080

Hangzhou Bay

(30.33 N, 121.00 E)

Score: 43.80

  • Baer's Pochard
    Aythya baeri (CR)
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
    Limosa lapponica
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
    Calidris acuminata (VU)
  • Long-toed Stint
    Calidris subminuta
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Common Greenshank
    Tringa nebularia
  • Common Redshank
    Tringa totanus
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Fujian Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

081

Min Jiang estuary

(26.12 N, 119.63 E)

Score: 52.36

  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)
  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus*
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Greater Sandplover
    Charadrius leschenaultii
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Ruddy Turnstone
    Arenaria interpres
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Sanderling
    Calidris alba
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Common Tern
    Sterna hirundo
  • Chinese Crested Tern
    Thalasseus bernsteini (CR)

082

Quanzhou Bay, including Jin Jiang estuary

(24.85 N, 118.67 E)

Score: 24.77

  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Grey Plover
    Pluvialis squatarola
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea
  • Sanderling
    Calidris alba
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)

083

Xiamen coast

(24.57 N, 118.08 E)

Score: 13.49

  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)
  • Caspian Tern
    Hydroprogne caspia

084

Xinghua Bay

(25.45 N, 119.18 E)

Score: 12.94

  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Dunlin
    Calidris alpina
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Guangdong Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

085

Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment

(22.50 N, 114.02 E)

Score: 68.84

  • Tufted Duck
    Aythya fuligula
  • Northern Shoveler
    Spatula clypeata
  • Northern Pintail
    Anas acuta
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Great White Egret
    Ardea alba
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo*
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Black-winged Stilt
    Himantopus himantopus
  • Pacific Golden Plover
    Pluvialis fulva
  • Little Ringed Plover
    Charadrius dubius
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Eurasian Curlew
    Numenius arquata
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Asian Dowitcher
    Limnodromus semipalmatus
  • Terek Sandpiper
    Xenus cinereus
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus
  • Common Greenshank
    Tringa nebularia
  • Common Redshank
    Tringa totanus
  • Marsh Sandpiper
    Tringa stagnatilis
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)

086

Haifeng wetlands

(22.83 N, 115.22 E)

Score: 12.78

  • Northern Pintail
    Anas acuta
  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Great White Egret
    Ardea alba
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus

087

Zhanjiang-Leizhou Peninsula coast

(20.85 N, 110.20 E)

Score: 12.62

  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Saunders's Gull
    Saundersilarus saundersi (VU)
  • Caspian Tern
    Hydroprogne caspia

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Hainan Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

088

Dongzhaigang Nature Reserve

(20.02 N, 110.57 E)

Score: 16.69

  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Sanderling
    Calidris alba

089

Danzhou-Lingao coast

(19.73 N, 109.23 E)

Score: 9.29

  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus

Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Guangxi Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

090

Beihai coast

(21.45 N, 109.32 E)

Score: 11.01

  • Little Ringed Plover
    Charadrius dubius
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)
  • Sanderling
    Calidris alba

091

Fangcheng coast

(21.57 N, 108.15 E)

Score: 8.49

  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris pygmaea (CR)

Inland Wetlands

  • Number of sites assessed: 33
  • Number of priority sites identified: 23
  • Number of priority inland sites: 23
  • Number of sites overlapping with protected area(s): 23
  • Species occurring in large congregations (≥10%): 17 species including Swan Goose (VU), Lesser White-fronted Goose (VU), Baer’s Pochard (CR), Siberian Crane (CR), White-naped Crane (VU), Red-crowned Crane (VU), Hooded Crane (VU), Oriental Stork (EN), Relict Gull (VU)
  • Source of count and site data: Peer-reviewed papers, Report on the coordinated Surveys for wintering waterbirds of Central and Lower Yangtze, EAAFP Site Information Sheets, BirdLife Datazone

Jiangxi Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF SPECIES (≥1%)

092

Poyang Lake National Nature Reserve

(29.17 N, 115.97 E)

Score: 825.49

  • Tundra Swan
    Cygnus columbianus *
  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)**
  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis **
  • Greater White-fronted Goose
    Anser albifrons **
  • Lesser White-fronted Goose
    Anser erythropus (VU)
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Siberian Crane
    Leucogeranus leucogeranus (CR)**
  • White-naped Crane
    Antigone vipio (VU)*
  • Red-crowned Crane
    Grus japonensis (VU)**
  • Common Crane
    Grus grus *
  • Hooded Crane
    Grus monacha (VU)*
  • Black Stork
    Ciconia nigra
  • Oriental Stork
    Ciconia boyciana (EN)*
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia *
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta *
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa **
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus

093

Nanjishan Wetland Nature Reserve

(29.00 N, 116.28 E)

Score: 134.9

  • Tundra Swan
    Cygnus columbianus
  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)
  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis *
  • Greater White-fronted Goose
    Anser albifrons *
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Siberian Crane
    Leucogeranus leucogeranus (CR)
  • White-naped Crane
    Antigone vipio (VU)**
  • Common Crane
    Grus grus
  • Hooded Crane
    Grus monacha (VU)
  • Oriental Stork
    Ciconia boyciana (EN)
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
**Exceeding 50% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Hunan Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

094

East Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve

(29.33 N, 112.92 E)

Score: 134.53

  • Tundra Swan
    Cygnus columbianus
  • Greylag Goose
    Anser anser
  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)*
  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis*
  • Greater White-fronted Goose
    Anser albifrons*
  • Lesser White-fronted Goose
    Anser erythropus (VU)*
  • Ruddy Shelduck
    Tadorna ferruginea
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata*
  • Black Stork
    Ciconia nigra
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia*
  • Great White Egret
    Ardea alba
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo
  • Pied Avocet
    Recurvirostra avosetta
  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus

095

West Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve

(28.82 N, 112.20 E)

Score: 13.88

  • Tundra Swan
    Cygnus columbianus
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Anhui Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

096

Shengjin Lake Nature Reserve

(30.38  N, 117.07 E)

Score: 99.59

  • Swan Goose
    Anser cygnoid (VU)*
  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis*
  • Greater White-fronted Goose
    Anser albifrons*
  • Lesser White-fronted Goose
    Anser erythropus (VU)*
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Hooded Crane
    Grus monacha (VU)*
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo

097

Anqing Yangtze Riverine Wetland Nature Reserve

(30.53 N, 116.90 E)

Score: 71.32

  • Tundra Swan
  • Cygnus columbianus*
  • Swan Goose
  • Anser cygnoid (VU)
  • Bean Goose
  • Anser fabalis
  • Greater White-fronted Goose
  • Anser albifrons
  • Lesser White-fronted Goose
  • Anser erythropus (VU)
  • Smew
  • Mergellus albellus
  • Great Crested Grebe
  • Podiceps cristatus
  • Hooded Crane
  • Grus monacha (VU)
  • Oriental Stork
  • Ciconia boyciana (EN)
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
  • Platalea leucorodia
  • Great Cormorant
  • Phalacrocorax carbo

* Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Hubei Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

098

Wanghu Lake National Nature Reserve

(29.87 N, 115.33 E)

Score: 21.11

  • Tundra Swan
    Cygnus columbianus
  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis
  • Great Crested Grebe
    Podiceps cristatus
  • Black Stork
    Ciconia nigra
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo

099

Chenhu Lake Provincial Nature Reserve

(30.30 N, 113.82 E)

Score: 13.92

  • Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis
  • Falcated Duck
    Mareca falcata
  • Eurasian Spoonbill
    Platalea leucorodia
  • Dalmatian Pelican
    Pelecanus crispus
  • Great Cormorant
    Phalacrocorax carbo

Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Heilongjiang Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

100

Zhalong National Nature Reserve

(47.20 N, 124.20 E)

Score: N.a.

Importance of These Sites for Migratory WaterbirdsA  

Zhalong NNR comprises extensive reedbeds, pools and marshland that supports large numbers of breeding and migrating waterbirds, notably an important breeding population of Red-crowned Crane (VU). The wetlands there have experienced serious ecological problems and lost some of their value for migratory waterbirds, but measures are underway to reverse the trends of increasing ecological degradation (Su et al. 2011).

101

Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve

(45.30 N, 132.57 E)

Score: N.a.

Xingkai Lake (Lake Khanka) is a large transboundary freshwater lake on the border between China and Russia. The extensive floodplain wetlands around the lake provide stopover and breeding habitats for up to two million waterbirds, notably large congregations of Red-crowned Crane (VU) and Oriental Stork (EN). At least 14 waterbird species have internationally important populations in the national nature reserve (RIS).

102

Sanjiang National Nature Reserve

(47.90  N, 134.50 E)

Score: N.a.

The Sanjiang Plain is an extensive delta alluvial plain where the Heilongjiang and Wusuli (Ussuri) Rivers converge. It supports 50,000-100,000 geese and ducks during the migration seasons, including up to 24,000 Swan Goose (VU), and also supports breeding populations of Red-crowned Crane (VU), White-naped Crane (VU) and Oriental Stork (EN) (RIS).

ASites in the Yellow River basin and north-east China were added to the Priority Sites list at a relatively late stage, based on readily available data on migratory waterbirds and advice from national experts.
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s).

Jilin Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

103

Momoge National Nature Reserve

(46.00 N, 123.75 E)

Score: N.a.

Importance of These Sites for Migratory Waterbirds 

Momoge NNR comprises extensive marshlands, grasslands and agricultural land that support more than 100,000 waterbirds during the migration seasons, including anatidae, cranes and Oriental Stork (EN). Most notably, approximately 95% of the global population of Siberian Crane (CR) stops over there on migration (Wang et al. 2022).

104

Xianghai National Nature Reserve

(45.08 N, 122.33 E)

Score: N.a.

Xianghai NNR is located at the western edge of the Songnen Plain, and the numerous lakes and extensive marshlands there are an important breeding and staging area for migratory waterbirds, including Anatidae, cranes and Oriental Stork (EN) (RIS).

ASites in the Yellow River basin and north-east China were added to the Priority Sites list at a relatively late stage, based on readily available data on migratory waterbirds and advice from national experts.
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s).

Inner Mongolia

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

 

105

Dalai Lake National Nature Reserve

(49.00 N, 117.33 E)

Score: N.a.

Importance of These Sites for Migratory WaterbirdsA

Dalai Hu is one of the five largest freshwater lakes (by area) in China and is surrounded by vast areas of marshland and arid steppes. Hundreds of thousands of waterbirds stage or breed there every year, including at least 11 species that occur in internationally important numbers (RIS, SIS).

106

Wuliangsuhai National Nature Reserve

(41.10  N, 108.83 E)

Score: N.a.

Wuliangsuhai is a large lake with extensive emergent vegetation, that is an important breeding and staging area for waterbirds in a vast arid region of northwest China. A waterbird survey in 2011-2012 counted more than 165,900 individual birds there, including 19 species that exceeded 1% of flyway population thresholds, notably Swan Goose (VU), Far Eastern Curlew (EN) and Relict Gull (VU) (Zhang et al. 2017).

ASites in the Yellow River basin and north-east China were added to the Priority Sites list at a relatively late stage, based on readily available data on migratory waterbirds and advice from national experts.
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s).

Hebei

 

SITE

EAAF Species (≥1%)

 

107

Hengshui Lake National Nature Reserve

(37.60 N, 115.60 E)

Score: N.a.

Importance of This Site for Migratory WaterbirdsA

Hengshui Lake NNR is an important breeding and stopover site for waterbirds in the arid North China Plain region. Nineteen waterbird species have occurred there in internationally important numbers, most notably around 15% of the global population of Baer’s Pochard (CR) and 30% of the flyway population of Bean Goose (Guo et al. 2021).

Qinghai Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

 

108

Zhaling Lake-Er’ling Lake National Nature Reserve

(34.93 N, 97.45 E)

Score: N.a.

Importance of This Site for Migratory WaterbirdsA

Zhaling Lake-Er’ling Lake NNR includes two high-altitude lakes that are important for migratory waterbirds, including at least five species that exceed 1% of flyway population thresholds there, notably Black-necked Crane (VU) (Sun et al. 2020, Gong et al. 2022).

Gansu Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

 

109

Gahai-Zecha National Nature Reserve

(34.23 N, 102.32 E)

Score: N.a.

Importance of This Site for Migratory WaterbirdsA

Gahai-Zecha NNR is a high-altitude wetland in arid Gansu Province, where at least four migratory waterbird species exceed 1% of flyway population thresholds, notably a large breeding population of Common Redshank and Black-necked Crane (VU) (Ramsar Information Sheet).

ASites in the Yellow River basin and north-east China were added to the Priority Sites list at a relatively late stage, based on readily available data on migratory waterbirds and advice from national experts.
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s).

Ningxia Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

 

110

Shahu Lake National Wetland Park

(38.82 N, 106.35 E)

Score: N.a.

Importance of This Site for Migratory WaterbirdsA

Shahu Lake National Wetland Park is one of the few extensive wetlands in arid Ningxia Province. Based on the habitats present it is considered likely to support significant populations of migratory waterbirds, but no surveys are known to have been conducted to investigate their status.

Shanxi Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

 

111

Hongjianlao National Nature Reserve

(39.08 N, 109.92 E)

Score: N.a.

Importance of These Sites for Migratory WaterbirdsA

Hongjianlao NNR is a wetland in an arid region of Shaanxi Province that in recent years has supported more than half of the global population of Relict Gull (VU), which nests on islands in the lake. At least three other migratory waterbird species exceed 1% of flyway population thresholds there, but the wetlands are subject to shrinkage linked to water extraction (Liang & Yan 2017, Liu et al. 2017).

112

Yuncheng Yellow River Wetland Provincial Nature Reserve

(35.03 N, 110.98 E)

Score: N.a.

Yuncheng Yellow River Wetland Provincial NR is the largest wetland nature reserve in Shanxi Province. It supports an important population of Whooper Swan, with more than 10,000 individuals estimated to winter, and several other migratory waterbird species have exceeded 1% of flyway population thresholds there.

Henan Province

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

 

113

Yellow River Wetland National Nature Reserve

(34.87 N, 112.50 E)

Score: N.a.

Importance of These Sites for Migratory WaterbirdsA

Yellow River Wetland NNR is an extensive area of riverine floodplain wetlands that is a demonstration site for ADB’s Yellow River Project. It supports a large wintering population of Whooper Swan, and several other migratory waterbird species have exceeded 1% of flyway population thresholds there.

114

Minquan Yellow River Old Riverway National Wetland Park (34.65 N, 115.32E)

Score: N.a.

Minquan Yellow River Old Riverway National Wetland Park comprises wetlands in the old channel of the Yellow River and is important for the conservation of migratory waterbirds (Li Changkan et al. 2019). Waterbird surveys in 2017-2019 counted up to 60,000 individual birds there, including six species that exceeded 1% of flyway population thresholds, most notably around 12.5% of the global population of Baer’s Pochard (CR) (Ramsar Information Sheet).

ASites in the Yellow River basin and north-east China were added to the Priority Sites list at a relatively late stage, based on readily available data on migratory waterbirds and advice from national experts.
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s).

  • Number of sites assessed: 20
  • Number of priority sites identified: 12
  • Number of priority coastal sites: 9
  • Number of priority freshwater sites: 3
  • Number of sites overlapping with protected area(s): 7
  • Species occurring in large congregations (≥1%): 28 species, including Great Knot (EN), Chinese Egret (VU), Grey-tailed Tattler (NT), Red-necked Stint (NT), Chinese Crested Tern (CR) and several herons and anatid sp. (e.g. Tufted Duck, Garganey)
  • Source of count and site data · Asian Waterbird Census, peer-reviewed papers, project reports

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

115

North Manila Bay (Bulacan) (includes Pampanga River East Bank-Santa Cruz-Caliligawan-Pamawaran-Navotas-Taliptip-Tanza)

(14.77 N, 120.79 E)

Score: 24.6

  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Pacific Golden Plover
    Pluvialis fulva
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Marsh Sandpiper
    Tringa stagnatilis
  • Whiskered Tern
    Chlidonias hybrida
  • Common Redshank
    Tringa totanus
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea
  • Caspian Tern
    Hydroprogne caspia

116

Olango Island Wildlife Sanctuary, Cebu

(10.25 N, 124.05 E)

Score: 24.6

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus*
  • Common Tern
    Sterna hirundo
  • Grey-tailed Tattler
    Tringa brevipes (NT)
  • Ruddy Turnstone
    Arenaria interpres
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Whimbrel
    Numenius phaeopus
  • Red-necked Stint
    Calidris ruficollis (NT)

117

Bangrin Marine Protected Area, Pangasinan

(16.25 N, 119.93 E)

Score: 21.1

  • Intermediate Egret
    Ardea intermedia*
  • Great White Egret
    Ardea alba

118

Negros Occidental Coastal Wetlands Conservation Area (NOCWCA), Negros Occidental

(10.27 N, 122.84 E)

Score: 14.8

  • Little Egret
    Egretta garzetta
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa (NT)
  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Caspian Tern
    Hydroprogne caspia
  • Chinese Egret
    Egretta eulophotes (VU)
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Great Knot
    Calidris tenuirostris (EN)
  • Pacific Golden Plover
    Pluvialis fulva
  • Intermediate Egret
    Ardea intermedia

119

Lake Mainit, Agusan del Norte

(9.46 N, 125.52 E)

Score: 13.8

  • Tufted Duck
    Aythya fuligula*

120

North Manila Bay (Pampanga) (includes Pampanga River Westbank-Sasmuan Pampanga Coastal Wetlands)

(14.83 N, 120.59 E)

Score: 12.2

  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Intermediate Egret
    Ardea intermedia
  • Whiskered Tern
    Chlidonias hybrida
  • Great White Egret
    Ardea alba
  • Black-headed Gull
    Larus ridibundus

121

Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary, Agusan del Sur

(8.31 N, 125.90 E)

Score: 6.9

  • Intermediate Egret
    Ardea intermedia

122

Candaba Wetlands, Pampanga

(15.07 N, 120.88 E)

Score: 5.2

  • Garganey
    Spatula querquedula

123

Kabasalan-Siay Wetland Area (also known as Sibugay Wetlands), Zamboanga-Sibugay

(7.71 N, 122.81 E)

Score: 3.1

  • Great White Egret
    Ardea alba
  • Intermediate Egret
    Ardea intermedia
  • Far-eastern Curlew
    Numenius madagascariensis*

124

Panabo Coast, Davao del Norte

(7.29 N, 125.70 E)

Score: 3.0

  • Chinese Crested Tern
    Thalasseus bernsteini (CR)

125

North Manila Bay (Bataan) – Balanga Wetlands Park- Pilar Wetlands

(14.69 N, 120.57 E)

Score: 2.6

  • Kentish Plover
    Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Great White Egret
    Ardea alba

126

Tubbataha Reef Natural Park, Palawan

(8.89 N, 120.06 E)

Score: 1.5

  • Greater Crested Tern
    Thalasseus bergii
  • Black Noddy
    Anous minutus

*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

  • Number of sites assessed: 18
  • Number of priority sites identified: 12
  • Number of priority coastal sites: 9
  • Number of priority freshwater sites: 3
  • Number of sites overlapping with protected area(s): 8
  • Species occurring in large congregations (≥1%): 15 species including Spotted Greenshank (EN), Black-tailed Godwit, Great Knot (EN), Sarus Crane (VU)
  • Source of count and site data: Asian Waterbird Census, Bird Conservation Society of Thailand, project reports, EAAFP Site Information Sheets, BirdLife Datazone

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

127

Pak Thale-Laem Phak Bia coast, Phetchaburi

(13.07 N, 100.07 E)

Score: 26.1

  • Spotted Greenshank (EN)
    Tringa guttifer*
  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus
  • Ruff
    Calidris pugnax
  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa
  • Great Knot
    Calidris tenuirostris (EN)
  • Caspian Tern
    Hydroprogne caspia
  • Curlew Sandpiper
    Calidris ferruginea1

128

Bueng Boraphet, Nakhon Sawan

(15.70 N, 100.24 E)

Score: 24.6

  • Glossy Ibis
    Plegadis falcinellus*
  • Asian Openbill
    Anastomus oscitans
  • Intermediate Egret
    Ardea intermedia
  • Great White Egret
    Ardea alba
  • Garganey
    Spatula querquedula
  • Black-winged Stilt
    Himantopus himantopus1

129

Pak Nam Prasae, Rayong

(12.70 N, 101.71 E)

Score: 6.1

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)

130

Huai Chorakhe Mak Reservoir, Buriram

(14.90 N, 103.03 E)

Score: 5.0

  • Sarus Crane
    Antigone antigone sharpii (VU)

131

Krabi River Mouth, Krabi

(8.02 N, 98.93 E)

Score: 4.0

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spotted Greenshank (EN)
    Tringa guttifer

132

Khlong Tamru (Bang Pakong), Chachoengsao

(13.48 N, 100.94 E)

Score: 3.5

  • Lesser Sand Plover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Ruff
    Calidris pugnax

133

Khlong Yai, Trat

(11.78 N, 102.88 E)

Score: 2.8

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)

134

Sanam Bin Reservoir, Buriram

(14.64 N, 103.08 E)

Score: 2.5

  • Sarus Crane
    Antigone antigone sharpii (VU)

135

Ko Libong Non-Hunting Area and Hat Chao Mai National Park, Trang

(7.29 N, 99.44 E)

Score: 2.2

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)

136

Khok Kham salt pans, Samut Sakhon

(13.51 N, 100.35 E)

Score: 1.9

  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)

137

Phang-nga Bay, Phang Nga

(8.32 N, 98.52 E)

Score: 1.5

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus

138

Bang Pu coast and fish ponds, Samut Prakan

(13.50 N, 100.74 E)

Score: 1.1

  • Black-tailed Godwit
    Limosa limosa

1Nearly meeting 1% of CSR1 estimates
*Exceeding 10% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

  • Number of sites assessed: 14
  • Number of priority sites identified: 9
  • Number of priority coastal sites: 8
  • Number of priority freshwater sites: 1
  • Number of sites overlapping with protected area(s): 4
  • Species occurring in large congregations (≥1%): 11 species including Spotted Greenshank (EN), Black-faced Spoonbill (EN), Lesser Sand Plover, Broad-billed Sandpiper, Common Tern, Little Tern, Painted Stork
  • Source of count and site data: Black-faced Spoonbill annual census, Annual Waterbird Census, Spoon-billed Sandpiper annual census, Viet Nature and Mekong shorebird project reports, Spoon-billed Sandpiper Task Force tracking data

Site Identifier

Site Details

EAAF Species (≥1%)

139

Tram Chim National Park, Dong Thap

(10.72 N, 105.51 E)

Score: 7.8

  • Painted Stork
    Mycteria leucocephala
  • Asian Openbill
    Anastomus oscitans
  • Sarus Crane
    Antigone antigone sharpii (VU)

140

Thai Thuy (including Thai Binh Wetland Protected Area), Thai Binh

(20.61 N, 106.66 E)

Score: 6.3

  • Common Tern
    Sterna hirundo
  • Little Tern
    Sterna albifrons

141

Can Gio (incl. Can Gio Biosphere Reserve, Ly Nhon & Can Thanh salt pans, and coastal flats), Ho Chi Minh City

(10.39 N, 106.93 E)

Score: 4.0

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus
  • Painted Stork
    Mycteria leucocephala

142

Xuan Thuy National Park, Nam Dinh

(20.21 N, 106.55 E)

Score: 2.8

  • Spotted Greenshank
    Tringa guttifer (EN)
  • Black-faced Spoonbill
    Platalea minor (EN)1

143

Binh Dai IBA, Ben Tre

(10.08 N, 106.76 E)

Score: 2.7

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus

144

Tan Thanh-Con Ngang coast, Tien Giang

(10.26 N, 106.76 E)

Score: 2.6

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus

145

Ba Tri IBA, Ben Tre

(10.01 N, 106.69 E)

Score: 2.4

  • Lesser Sandplover
    Charadrius mongolus

146

Do Son coast, Hai Phong

(20.70 N, 106.77 E)

Score: 1.8

  • Spotted Redshank
    Tringa erythropus (VU)

147

An Hai (Cat Hai) IBA, Hai Phong

(20.79 N, 106.78 E)

Score: 1.3

  • Broad-billed Sandpiper
    Calidris falcinellus

1Nearly meeting 1% of CSR1 estimates
Sites in bold overlap with protected area(s)

Identifying RFI Priority Sites

The process to identify the highest priority and most irreplaceable wetland sites involved using (i) internationally accepted scientific criteria (i.e., identifying sites based on their importance to globally significant congregations of migratory waterbirds), and (ii) consultations with government, local stakeholders, and experts. The RFI follows three long-established, government-endorsed programs that use internationally accepted criteria to prioritize wetland sites for conservation: (i) the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, (ii) the East Asian-Australasian Flyway Partnership Flyway Site Network; and (iii) the BirdLife International Partnership’s Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs).

The Ramsar Convention uses a set of criteria to identify Ramsar sites, including sites that regularly support 1% or more of the individuals in a population of a congregatory waterbird species, a criterion which has also been adopted by the EAAFP Flyway Site Network and BirdLife’s IBA Programme. The EAAFP used this criterion in a flyway-wide analysis of wetland sites and migratory waterbirds to help guide the development of the Flyway Site Network. One EAAFP prioritization criteria was adopted by the RFI, under which scores were calculated for the candidate sites based on the internationally important populations of migratory waterbird species listed for them in the project dataset.

 

Methodology for Prioritization

To apply site prioritization methodology, a large database of migratory waterbird count data was gathered from over 400 candidate priority sites in the 10 participating DMCs. The main sources of information included earlier site prioritization analyses, national and flyway-wide waterbird monitoring schemes, notably the Asian Waterbird Census (AWC), and peer-reviewed scientific papers and survey reports. The RFI team also collated GIS boundary maps for the selected Priority Sites.

There are wide variations in the level of knowledge of waterbird numbers in wetland sites in the EAA Flyway. Consultations with national and regional experts helped ensure that the variations in observer coverage were factored into the analyses.

 

Phases of RFI Priority Site Selection

As Phase 1 involved the initial selection of the 147 sites, Phase 2 will target further shortlisting of sites with DMC governments to a final list of 50 for which project concepts will be developed. The RFI team will undertake ecosystem services analyses to identify suitable interventions and opportunities to support this process.

Final portfolios of wetland sites and landscapes will need to align with the national conservation strategies, development plans, and international obligations of RFI participating countries. Priority sites will further be evaluated for their ecosystem services values to build strong business cases for long-term management, including initiatives that may result from RFI implementation. In-country training and consultation workshops are on-going and are discussing existing site selection and further shortlisting. Government support[DAL2] will be obtained for proposed sites that may be taken forward for concept development. 

Consultation with governments and local stakeholders is critical to (i) understand existing national priorities; (ii) allow consistency or compliance with international obligations; and (iii) filter into the ecosystem services assessment analysis itself, among other things. DMCs and the rest of the global flyway community are encouraged to get involved in ongoing RFI discussions.

Feedback on this first phase of work is warmly welcomed.

 

The Regional Flyway Initiative and its partners are greatly indebted to colleagues, friends, and partners who have contributed to and have been consulted in the conduct of the site selection process.

Much appreciation, of course, goes to the members of the technical team for the Phase 1 site selection work, Mike CrosbyDing Li Yong, and Shelby Wee, and the coordinators of the Asian Waterbird Census and other national experts. We also offer thanks to the following for their time, support, and expert knowledge and guidance in specific countries:

Amarkhuu Gungaa, Annadel Cabanban, Arne Jensen, Ayuwat Jearwattanakanok, Batrisyia Teepol, Bou Vorsak, Bui Thanh Trung, Chairunas Adha Putra, Cynthia Layusa, David Melville, Doug Watkins, Duncan Lang, Enam Ul Haque, Ferry Hasudungan, Gankhuyag Purev-Ochir, Gan Xiaojing, Gary Allport, Gombobaatar Sundev, Gregorio de la Rosa, Heejin Oh, Hong Chamnan, Jacelyn See, Jimmy Choi, Josiah David Quimpo, Khwankhao Sinhaseni, Le Trong Trai, Lisa M. Paguntalan, Mike Lu, Muntjargal Myagmar, Nguyen Hoai Bao, Nguyen Quang Hao, Nguyen Van Thang, Niyom Thongmuean, Nyambayar Batbayar, Phan Van Truong, Philip Round, Ragil Satriyo Gumilang, Samphors Ly, Santi Xayyasith, Sayam Chowdhury, Shi Jianbin, Sonny Wong, Taej Mundkur, Terry Townshend, Xiaojing Gan, Yeap Chin Aik, Yus Rusila Noor, Yu Yat-tung, and Zeng Qing.

We also thank Ben Petcharapiracht, (Board, Bird Conservatory Society of Thailand) for the photo in the banner. 

Finally, we also express profound thanks to ADB’s Development Asia team (April Dela Cruz, Riel Jane Tanyag, Richie Lo, Rose Cheryl Orbigo, and Young Uck Kang) for the utmost support and guidance in the development of this Data Room.

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Program and Learning Materials: 

Disclaimer

The views expressed on this website are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. By making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area, or by using the term “country” in this document, ADB does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.