The Ocean Economy
An Asia Clean Energy Forum (ACEF) 2019 Special Lunchtime Talk
The ocean economy is an organizing principle for organic growth in ADB’s investment operations flowing directly from Strategy 2030 operational priorities, as manifest in the announcement of ADB’s ocean health action plan at the ADB Annual Meeting in May 2019.
Opportunities exist for new commercial investments across the spectrum of ADB operations—sovereign and non-sovereign—in climate mitigation and resilience, energy, food, health, transport, waste management, and water. Island and archipelagic countries generally see their geographic realities as binding constraints on development, but the oceans offer comparative and competitive advantages that are limited only by imagination and ingenuity. The flip side of this opportunity is a challenge for planetary health in an area that ADB has traditionally ignored: the oceans, which provide a large part of the oxygen we breathe (likely more than 50%), 15% of the protein humans consume, and which absorb about 40% of the global CO2 emissions. Humanity cannot survive without the oceans, but they are mentioned only once in the Paris climate accord.
This ACEF Lunch Talk session provided an overview of ADB’s ocean economy initiative announced in May 2019 with brief presentations on scalable solutions for marine aquaculture, coral propagation, and coastal zone waste-to-energy. In the 21st century, ocean energy development needs to happen in a holistic manner: while energy projects can be developed in isolation around power purchase agreements, an alternative approach is a multi-resource development program beginning with high-value seafood production powered by captive renewables, energy recovery from coastal / ocean wastes, and coral propagation for biodiversity conservation and more eco-friendly tourism. This approach emphasizes early revenue generation and modular expansion, with utility-scale ocean energy development via horizontal and vertical integration of the initial revenue-generating activity. Complementary activities could include coastal zone protection, specifically the cultivation of mangroves, reefs, and wetlands which provide additional carbon sequestration and climate change adaptation benefits.
|Date||Session / Activity||Presentation Material||Speaker(s)|
|18 Jun 2019||Introduction||Steve Peters, ADB|
|18 Jun 2019||The World’s Lowest Carbon Protein: Marine Aquaculture||Chih-Ting Lo, EELO Solutioms|
|18 Jun 2019||Growing Reefs Faster Than We Are Killing Them: The Coral Engine||Remmente ter Hofstede, Van Oord|
|18 Jun 2019||Modular Systems for Coastal Waste-to-Energy||Adam Aleksander, PtP Energy Services|