Making Urban Sanitation More Inclusive in Papua New Guinea


Making Urban Sanitation More Inclusive in Papua New Guinea

16 April 2020

Among ADB’s 14 DMCs in the Pacific, Papua New Guinea (PNG) ranks lowest in the water and 
sanitation access indicators. The Joint Monitoring Program 2017 Update reports a decline in 
access to improved sanitation facilities in PNG over the last 15 years, leaving 65% of the 
population still using unimproved sanitation facilities. 

The capital of Port Moresby alone is home to at least 500,000 residents of which more than 50% 
is dispersed in 20 planned settlements and 79 unplanned settlements. Unplanned growth in the 
city and other provincial town centers puts pressure on formal utilities and service providers in 
meeting the demands for basic urban infrastructure and services, such as water, sanitation, 
wastewater, and solid waste.  

ADB has been supporting the country with diagnostic and awareness-raising activities on fecal 
sludge management (FSM), with the long-term goal of developing an operational framework 
within the broader context of inclusive urban sanitation. Currently, the support focuses on FSM 
in unplanned settlements and how citywide sanitation service chain components can be 
organized by authorities and service providers to improve living conditions, environmental health, 
and the dignity of settlement populations.  

In this presentation, water and sanitation specialist Karl Galing discussed the new national 
WaSH policy and how it provides an opportunity to improve urban and peri-urban sanitation 
service delivery performance by integrating an operational FSM framework coupled with policy 
and institutional reform and capacity development. Strong links along the service delivery 
pathway have to be established as priority plans and investments on urban sanitation are 
identified and allocated with adequate budget and human resource capacity.

Program and Learning Materials: 

currently not available.


The views expressed on this website are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. By making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area, or by using the term “country” in this document, ADB does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.