Gender Sensitive WASH: Opportunities for Girls’ Education


Gender Sensitive WASH: Opportunities for Girls’ Education

21 June 2021
School sanitation has been one of the main issues in achieving universal elementary and secondary education, and ADB has proceeded with Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) projects since 2006. Many research findings have revealed that the lack of water and sanitation facilities is one of the major reasons why students dropout from schools in many developing countries. Lack of appropriate WASH facilities disproportionately affects girls since access to such facilities is essential for menstrual hygiene management (MHM). Girls are also at higher risk of sexual violence when using unsafe facilities at school.1
Prolonged school closures due to COVID-19 have magnified various socio-economic vulnerabilities in society along with deeply unequal impacts for marginalized groups in learning achievement. It is time to prepare school-reopening safely under the condition that the pandemic will be under control soon and access to water and sanitation might become one of the vital factors to keep schools safe for children and adults. Many experts are warning that a considerable number of girls may not return to school after the pandemic and further government interventions and special initiatives will be needed to bring girls back such as cash transfers, school feeding and nutrition programs, preparing schools with essential facilities, and better teacher readiness.
This joint webinar organized by Education and Water Sectors and Gender Thematic Groups discussed the main findings of the “Sanitation and Education” Study in India (2016), where Anjali Adukia points out that simple construction of adequate latrines positively impacted the enrollment rate and the decrease in school dropouts. An increase in girls’ enrollment and retention due to greater availability of sex-segregated latrines has important implications on girls’ education. Discussants from ADB and UNICEF (TBC) shared their insights from research and field experience on implications of access to WASH facilities to education outcomes for girls.

The Crisis in the Classroom: The State of the World’s Toilets (2018)

Program and Learning Materials: 
Date Session / Activity Presentation Material Speaker(s)
21 Jun 2021 Moderator Karen Lane, Director of Department of Communications, ADB
21 Jun 2021 Opening Session Opening and welcome Samantha Hung, Chief of Gender Equality Thematic Group, ADB
21 Jun 2021 Opening Session Opening remarks Bruno Carrasco, Director General, ADB
21 Jun 2021 Gender Sensitive WASH: Opportunities for Girls’ Education School Sanitation and Education Decisions
In this presentation, Anjali Adukia discussed the rule of school sanitation on educational outcomes in India.
Anajali Adukia
21 Jun 2021 Gender Sensitive WASH: Opportunities for Girls’ Education WASH and Girls’ education in the Pacific
In this presentation, Alexandra Conroy shared about wash and menstrual hygiene management experiences in Pacific.
Alexandra Conroy
21 Jun 2021 Gender Sensitive WASH: Opportunities for Girls’ Education Improving Girls’ Educational Attainment in Pakistan
In this presentation, Kiyoshi Taniguchi shared insights about ways to improve to access schooling in Pakistan.
Kiyoshi Taniguchi
21 Jun 2021 Gender Sensitive WASH: Opportunities for Girls’ Education Menstrual Health and Hygiene in Pakistan
In this presentation, Kiran Qazi discussed the menstrualhygieneand mentalhealthprogram in Pakistan.
Kiran Qazi
21 Jun 2021 Closing session Closing remarks Brajesh Panth, Chief of Education Sector Group, ADB


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