Dr. Liu is a Senior Research Fellow in the Energy Studies Institute of the National University of Singapore (NUS). He leads research and consultancy projects in the areas of the integration of renewables and energy efficiency, energy market design, and policy evaluation. Some of his recent work includes impact assessment of long-term energy technologies portfolio in Singapore, prospects of the energy services market in ASEAN, as well as electricity market design and business models for smart grids. Dr. Liu has more than 15 years’ experience with the energy industry, government bodies and academia in both developing and developed economies, including as an energy specialist at the International Energy Agency, where he co-authored the 2015 and 2016 IEA Global Energy Efficiency Market Reports, and provided technical assistance regarding the energy market reform to improve the system-wide efficiency. He earned his Ph.D. in Energy Economics from the Ecole Polytechnique of France.