Wadhwa is the Director of the ASER Centre. She has been associated with ASER since its inception in 2005 and is the architect of the ASER survey and other primary research studies currently being undertaken by ASER Centre. Wadhwa earned her undergraduate degree, with Honors in Economics from Delhi University, MA degrees in Economics from Delhi University and University of California, and her Ph.D. in Economics from the University of California. Wadhwa has been published extensively and teaches statistics and econometrics at the University of California (Irvine) and at the Indian Statistical Institute (New Delhi). She has also been a member of various government and international committees, including the Questionnaire Expert Group for PISA and PISA-D. Wadhwa’s other research interests include development and economics of education.